Islam is unique among world religions in its strong reverence for Jesus Christ (peace be upon him). In Islam, Jesus (known as ‘Isa in Arabic) is considered one of the great prophets and a highly respected figure. Muslims believe in the miraculous birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary, his prophethood, and his many miracles.
“Islam and Christianity share a significant interreligious relationship characterized by both commonalities and differences. Both religions are Abrahamic, emphasizing monotheism and the worship of one God. They share certain religious figures, such as Abraham and Moses. Interreligious dialogue and cooperation between Muslims and Christians are essential in promoting understanding, peace, and addressing shared global challenges. While theological differences exist, both faiths engage in efforts to foster coexistence and mutual respect.”
While there are theological differences between how Jesus is understood in Christianity and Islam, the shared reverence for him is a point of commonality and a basis for interfaith dialogue and understanding between Muslims and Christians. This respect for Jesus is an important aspect of the interreligious relationship between the two faiths.
Islam and Judaism, while having significant theological differences, also share notable commonalities. Both are monotheistic faiths that emphasize the worship of one God. They revere many of the same prophets and have historical ties to figures like Abraham. Both religions have sacred texts that contain shared narratives and ethical values, and they uphold a commitment to moral principles. These commonalities provide a basis for interfaith dialogue and understanding, promoting respect and cooperation among Muslims and Jews.
The Quran encourages dialogue and understanding between different religious communities, including the “People of the Book,” a term often used in the Quran to refer to Jews and Christians.
“Say, ‘O People of the Book, come to a word that is equitable between us and you – that we will not worship except Allah and not associate anything with Him and not take one another as lords instead of Allah.’ But if they turn away, then say, ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].'”[Quran-Surah Al-Imran; 3:64]
This verse underscores the idea of finding common ground and promoting monotheism. It encourages mutual recognition of the oneness of God (Allah) and respecting the beliefs of one another. It emphasizes the importance of peaceful coexistence and cooperation between different religious communities.