15. انسداد فرقہ واریت Counter Sectarian Narrative
انسداد فرقہ واریت مختصر تاریخ اورعملی اقدامات وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ ’’اور تم سب مل کر اللہ کی رسی (قرآن) کو مضبوطی سے تھام لو اور تفرقہ مت ڈالو۔‘‘( آل عمران،3 :103) وَقَالَ الرَّسُولُ يَا رَبِّ… [Continue reading…]
16: قرآن کا تعارف قرآن سے….. >>>>> http://salaamone.com/quran-urdu/
What is the difference between Sunnah and Hadith? Quran is the primary source of Islam, What about Sunnah and Hadith?
Are Sunnah and Hadith Synonymous Terms?
The word Hadith is often understood to be a synonym for the word Sunnah. This is not correct. There is a great difference between the two not only regarding the extent of their authenticity, but also their content.
A narrative of the words, deeds or tacit approvals of the Prophet (sws) is called Hadith. It does not add anything to the content of Islam stated in the Qur’anand Sunnah, the two original sources of Islam. Ahadith (plural of Hadith) only explain and elucidate what is contained in these two sources and also describe the exemplary way in which the Prophet (sws) followed Islam. The scholars of Hadith Employ the term, khabr for Hadith. A khabr bears the possibility of being either right or wrong. In other words, the scholars of Hadith Believe that a khabr may be true or it may be false. For this very reason, Ahadith are also called dhanni (presumptive or indefinite).
On the other hand, the word Sunnah literally means “busy path”, “trodden path”, “beaten path”. As a term, it refers to the practices of the Prophet Abraham (sws) to which the Prophet Muhammad (sws) gave religious sanction among his followers after reviving and reforming them and after making certain additions to them. The Qur’anhas directed the Prophet (sws) to obey these Abrahamic practices in the following words:
ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Then We revealed to you to follow the ways of Abraham, who was true in faith and was not among the polytheists. (16:123)
The following three aspects further bring out the difference between Hadith and Sunnah.
- Firstly, while Ahadith Can be inauthentic or spurious, the Sunnahcannot be so. The Sunnahis in fact as authentic as the Qur’an. This is because of the difference in the nature of transmission. Ahadith have been transmitted by a few individuals and therefore become dependent on their character, memory and intellect – all of which can falter even if the person in question is very pious. On the other hand, the Sunnah has been transmitted by whole generations to the next. Such is the vast number of people who have adhered to certain practices that there is no possibility of any error. The memory, intellect and character of a few persons can falter but when thousands of people deliver the same thing, any faulty transmission is ruled out. Furthermore, not only have a large number of people transmitted these practices, but also there is a consensus in the ummah regarding the authenticity of these practices. In other words, people not adhering to these practices also vouch for their veracity.
- Secondly, Sunnahis purely related to the practical aspects of Islam such as the prayer, hajj, nikah, wuduand tayammum. Issues that pertain to belief, history, occasion of revelation and explanation of Qur’anic verses lie outside its domain. On the other hand, Ahadithare not confined to a certain sphere of Islam. Their content ranges from the practical issues of religion to intellectual ones and from historical episodes to explanations of the Qur’an and of the Sunnah Itself.
- Thirdly, the Sunnah Is not based on Ahadith. For instance, we have not adopted the prayer, pilgrimage, etc in all their details because a few narrators explained them to us; on the contrary, we have adopted them because every person in our surroundings is either adhering to it or vouching for its veracity. In other words, Sunnah is an entirely independent source of Islam. However some Hadith May contain a record of the Sunnah just as they may contain the record and explanation of certain verses of the Qur’an. But just as having a record of the Quran Does not make Ahadith the same as the Qur’an, having a record of the Sunnahdoes not make Ahadith Equivalent to the Sunnah.
[Dr Shehzad Saleem www.al-mawrid.org]