Kashmir Jihad – Analysis & Options

Kashmir is an incomplete agenda of partition of India. Since 1947, India and Pakistan have fought three wars on this issue. According to UN resolutions, Kashmiris have to decide their accession to Pakistan or India through impartial plebiscite, which could not take place due to Indian reluctance.  Recently, India revoked Article 370 of the Constitution, which granted special autonomous status to Kashmir, it was done to unilaterally integrate occupied Kashmir. This is a violation of the UN resolutions and the Simla bilateral agreement, which demands to maintain status quo until the final settlement. The US and world powers are emphasizing that Kashmir should be resolved bilaterally, though India has refused to hold talks with Pakistan. 

In the present scenario, while India has turned Kashmir into the largest prison of 9 million people, denying basic human rights and oppressing the  Kashmiris’ who want freedom from India, Pakistan cannot watch as a silent spectator. Nuclear armed India and Pakistan are closer to war. Jihad becomes obligatory for the Muslims to help the oppressed people of Kashmir. The tense situation requires an in-depth analysis to explore possible options.

  اردو  ترجمہ <<لنک >>


  1. Introduction: 
  2. The Crusade: 
  3. The Root of Wars and Evils – Christian Zionism
  4. Bernard Lewis Plan against Pakistan and Muslim World
  5. US-Israel-India Nexus 
  6. Kashmir: 
  7. Amendment of Interim Constitution of AJ&K: 
  8. International Reaction:
  9. Is Pakistan Isolated?
  10. Jihad and Qital (Combat , Warfare) 
  11. Responsibility of State
  12. Treaties
  13. The Holy Qur’an on Jihad (Qital)
  14. Rules of Jihad – Warfare 
  15. Ten Principles of Conduct
  16. Options for Pakistan
  17. Simple Acts of Jihad
  18. References/Links 

Kashmir Jihad – Analysis & Options

By Brig Aftab Khan (R)


PDF: http://bit.ly/2k0Vqpm

Urdu Translation: https://SalaamOne.com/Kashmir-ur


There was a time when a King with strong armies would invade and conquer other territories. This was the period of the kingdom and empire building which continued till the last century when it ended with decolonization after World War-II. The League of Nations was reorganized as  United Nations. A new world order came into being, according to which the old world practice in which other countries and territories were conquered by force was apparently concluded. It was established that the countries and borders established could not be changed by force. This law does not apply to superpowers! [India has been made to believe that she too is a superpower or super power in making] However if the people of a region decide by themselves that they want to join another country then that is another thing but it is also a condition that the interests of the neighbors are protected. Cyprus with Greek population had a tilt towards Greece but there is also Turkish population there and Turkey does not consider it in their interest, so intervened, Cyprus is an independent country divided into Greek and Turkish population,  this problem is yet to be resolved. 

In addition, the territory of East Timor, Indonesia, where Christians wanted independence,  was liberated through the referendum following pressure from the UN and world powers, similar was the fate of Southern Sudan, which had a Christian population. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, after Muslim genocide and ethinic cleansing peace was restored to avoid spread of conflict in to Europe. Muslims suffered enormously. US interventions in Central and Latin America are well known. US interventions in the Middle East and Afghanistan under the pretext of war on terror were directed against Muslims killing millions.

The “law” or “practice” is different for Muslims. Russia attempted to occupy Afghanistan, she had to go,  then came to the United States, now preparing to flee. Recently Russia has annexed Crimea, earlier Russia occupied Abkhazia and the former South Ossetian territories of Georgia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. During the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya declared independence. In 1992, Chechen and Ingush leaders signed an agreement splitting the joint Chechen–Ingush republic in two, with Ingushetia joining the Russian Federation and Chechnya remaining independent.  In 1999, Russia attacked and next year the Russian security forces establishing control over Chechnya. Recent Russian involvement in Syrian conflict to safeguard Russian naval facility in Tartus and air bases is also ignored, Russia being a big power.

Palestine is an example, as to how Jews from Europe and other countries emigrated, expelled Palestinian and occupied their territories to create a new country Israel.  Western powers and the United States are involved in this crime against humanity. It did not stop here, Israel has occupied West Bank and Golan heights, there are numerous UN Resolutions to return these territories but Israel does not care, because she has full support of USA. 

The Crusade:

George Bush junior declared Crusade after 9/11, which continues even after killing millions of Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Libya. The real issue behind turmoil is to make Greater Israel, a dominant power if Middle East, which is only possible after balkanization of Middle East and strong Muslim power like Pakistan in to smaller, weak countries. The “Bernard Lewis Plan” is being executed slowly and gradually. 

Egypt having been subdued at Camp David, Saudi Arabia, UAE and smaller Arab states are kept under internal and external threat (Iran), they are also involved in civil war in Yemen. With enormous wealth but inadequate defence, they look towards USA and its crony Israel. The rich Arabs states also like to maintain good relations with India, an emerging economic and military power and economic partner (oil client). India can help in their security for being a friendly power even at the cost of traditional friendly relationship with an economically weak Pakistan. (Concept of Ummah and Muslim brotherhood remains spiritual)

US-Israel-India Nexus

US-Israel-India nexus is very real, ideologically, all three perceive Muslims as their common foe. There are historic, geopolitical, religious, racial and socioeconomic reasons to support this nexus. Jews believe in their racial superiority as chosen people of God, Indian PM Modi, an RSS member follows Hindu racial superiority  and Trump has been accused of white racist, Muslim hater. Trump is under strong influence of Zionist Christians  (Newocons) and Jews, who see concentration of Jews in Israel and the building of 3rd Jewish Temple at Jerusalem as their sacred religious duty to fulful the prophesy for the return of Jesus Christ and Armageddon.  The Christian extremists are about 33% of the American evangelical population, which is about 15 million people, they are well organized, politically active, having strong influence upon Trump, Republicans and among the ruling elite, all those who matter. The Zionis Israelis consider these Zionist Christians as useful tools and fools. Just to please these Zionist Christians and Jews, Trump is moving fast to build the 3rd Jewish Temple at Jerusalem, he shifted US embassy to Jerusalem. Isaeli PM Netanyahu compared Trump with Cyrus. Trump has already been named as the Messiah like Cyrus the Great, the Persian emperor who built the second Jewish Temple.

US President Donald Trump’s unabashed support for the Jewish state and his public recognition of Jerusalem as its capital have many Israelis electrified. The current American leader’s positive attitude toward Israel seems nearly illogical, especially after decades of far more hostile trends. A prominent Israeli rabbi believes the reason for this unprecedented (at least in modern times) shift is that Trump has a big role to play in the building of the Third Temple and the coming of Messiah. Rabbi Yosef Berger is the rabbi in charge of King David’s Tomb on Mount Zion, and the son of a widely revered Hasidic leader. In remarks to Breaking Israel News, Rabbi Berger cited a medieval rabbinical source that predicted that while the first two temples were built by Israel, the third would be built by the “descendants of Edom,” a phrase that in some later rabbinical literature is a euphemism for the Christian world. This is so that the Christians, and the ancient peoples they have come to represent in rabbinical thought, can make restitution for millennia of wrongdoing toward the Children of Israel. Rabbi Berger explained: “No leader in history has recognized Jerusalem as the capital of the Jews and Israel. [Trump] has already created a great tikkun (reparation) for the Christians through his unprecedented relationship with Jerusalem. Trump is the representative of Edom that will perform that final historic reparation for his entire nation by building the Temple.”

Recent developments have taken place that contribute to the Temple Movement s goals and the realization of the rebuilding of the Temple in our lifetime. [ Dr. Randall Price, World of the Bible].

For thousands of years, the world has heard warning that there is a coming a day when the Man of Sin, the Antichrist, will arise to pilot the greatest deception in human history. Whereas almost anyone alive today can discuss the dictatorial global economics, societal horrors, and eventual apocalypse that follows his arrival, few appear to comprehend that there are negotiations in the workings at this precise moment to build the very location where the abomination of desolation will stand in the holy place. Many believe that President Trump is Israel s next King Cyrus the facilitator and overseer of the building of the Third Temple and that his influential role in that pursuit is being guided by Hashem (God), Himself, in order to restore to His people the most sacred site of worship. Is a secret plan under development for construction of the Third Temple? And as these plans are increasingly expedited, will Trump succeed in raising this landmark, only to usher in the end of days?

In Israel the Push to Destroy Jerusalem’s Iconic Al-Aqsa Mosque Goes Mainstream
This ancient site that dates back to the year 705 C.E. is being targeted for destruction by extremist groups that seek to erase Jerusalem’s Muslim heritage in pursuit of colonial ambitions and the fulfillment of end-times prophecy……. [………]

In the book “The Rabbis, Donald Trump, and the Top-Secret Plan to Build the Third Temple”, the Dr. Thomas Horn discloses :

  1. -The connection between Donald Trump, the Rabbis, and a behind-the scenes scheme to erect the Third Temple
  2. -The role Trump s Orthodox Jewish son-in-law, Jared Kushner is playing with Saudi Arabia with plans to control the Temple Mount
  3. -How Trump’s decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capitol and his moving the US Embassy there sent a powerful signal to Third Temple advocates
  4. -The controversy over the Temple Mount location and why the spot on which the Third Temple will be built will soon be unveiled
  5. -What the Abomination of Desolation is and what the globe s most powerful political personalities have to say about its future appearance on holy ground
  6. -How recent archeological site metal-detector scans near the Qumran Caves point to the discovery of ancient Temple treasures (including the Ark of the Covenant), and how that relates to the building of the Third Temple
  7. -The mystery of the Copper Scroll and what it disclosed
  8. -Events involving Trump and other world leaders as the building of the Third Temple is underway, and the obvious end-times signals these events raise
  9. -Possible repercussions if the Temple is constructed, then desecrated.

The US-Israel-India nexus would like to neutralize Pakistan, the only  Muslim nuclear power with strong military and zealious Muslim polulation of over 200 millions.  The Zionist Christians  , Jews 3rd Temple, may be linked with  Ghazwa-e-Hind or the battle of India, very popular at internet. 

This nexus see China-Pakistan CPEC project detrimental to their heinous designs.The real worth of sincerity of Trump for his arbitration to resolve Kashmir dispute may also be understood in the light of US-Israel-India nexus.

The diplomatic or peaceful resolution of Kashmir issue is not possible unless it is supported through gains in the field (by Kashmiris).  Take the examples of Vietnam, Algeria and many other countries who gained their independence through armed struggle a legitimate struggle, which is also accepted in the UN Charter.

“In war there is no substitute for victory”. (Douglas MacArthur)

The Bernard Lewis Plan envisages division of Middle East in to small , weaker states, where Israel to emerge as dominant regional power. Pakistan and Iran are to be cut to size. Here India-USA-Israel Nexus come to play due to common objectives. Therefore the developments in Kashmir should not be taken in isolation, its a complete package! One part of complete Whole.

Bernard Lewis, Zionists and Western Plans to Carve up Middle East and Pakistan. How to Counter these Anti Muslim Plans?

The Christian Zionism is the real culprit, root cause of all the turmoil and wars …

The Christian Zionism



Kashmir is pending incomplete agenda of partition of India in 1947. According to UN Resolutions, it is to be decided through plebiscite, which could not take place due to Indian reluctance. Recently India invoked article 370 to fully annex occupied Kashmir. This is violations of UN resolutions and Simla bilateral Accord to maintain status quo  until final settlement. USA and world powers are insisting that the Kashmir issue be resolved bilaterally, though India refuses to talk.

In the case of Kashmir, neither the UN declaration nor the UN Charter is respected. The reasons are two:

  1. Kashmiris are Muslim.
  2. The occupation power, India has a big economy, a large population,  which no one wants to ignore, moreover US and West want to use India to check and encircle China. Hence  they ignore Indian illegal, inhuman occupation of Kashmir, genocide and violation of human rights.

India considers herself to be an emerging superpower, and like a superpower consider that the world rules apply only to small countries, not to India, so India is free to do whatever she wants!

Pakistan cannot remain a silent spectator on the persecution of Muslims of Kashmir. As a nuclear power, Pakistan has its own responsibilities. People think that Pakistan should invade Kashmir and liberate Kashmir, but they forget, the status of India in the world, its importance to superpowers, and the geopolitical, economic interests of the world (even Arabs) stand with her. There is popular perception, that Pakistan should give Hafiz Saeed and other such jihadist groups an open hand for Jihad in Kashmir to help the oppressed Muslims. 

We must know that after 9/11 the world has changed. The struggle for freedom is linked to terrorism and India has used terrorist card in case of Kashmir very effectively through propaganda. In fabricated Pulwama Attack, Modi won sympathy vote to get reelected despite his poor performance in the economy.

If Pakistan openly supports the local freedom fighter groups in India Occupied Kashmir, it will be used to discredit Kashmir’s indigenious independence struggle. Pakistan is struggling to get clearance on the Gray Watch List of FATF, Pakistan desperately needs economic support to improve the economy. 

The past experience reflects that the Jihadist groups become out of control after some time and chalk out their own agenda. TTP and many such groups have become enemies of Pakistan by indulging in terrorism against state of Pakistan and innocent citizens. In sensitive areas like Kashmir, Pakistan cannot accept the existence of such groups which India or any other power may use against Pakistan, physically or for propaganda.  

Pakistan should fully support the Kashmiris struggle for  freedom. They will only earn their freedom like Afghanistan, Algeria or Vietnam through arms. It is not possible for India to suppress Kashmir forever. The history of sustainability of freedom struggle testifies that those who fight for freedom ultimately succeed against oppressive powers. 

Kashmir’s military solution is difficult for both the countries, because in the event of any failure, India can launch an open war across Pakistan’s main border as it did in 1965. Militarily India is four times stronger than Pakistan, the numbers provide more offensive options to India, on the other side Pakistan has good defensive ratio. Since both countries are also atomic powers, war can take an awful turn.  There are rumours of some settlement via backdoor channels in cahoot with USA. One can’t be sure but some developments on the ground create suspicion.

AJ&K  Constitution Amendment:

The Interim Constitution of Azad Kashmir (Pakistan side) mysteriously amended the interim constitution of AJ&K during the last days of PML (N) government reportedly under foreign pressure. It is relevant to note that the outgoing government of the Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) had introduced the 13th Amendment in the interim constitution on May 31, 2018. Instead of originating the bill either in the Kashmir Council or the Legislative Assembly, the AJK government presented it directly in the joint sitting of the Azad Kashmir parliament on the same day and got it passed. The bill presented and passed by the AJK government was beyond the approved bill of the cabinet.

As per the reports, by amending the Third Schedule, Pakistan has been excluded from all financial and administrative matters of Azad Kashmir. On the directive of the Principal Secretary of the former Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, a summary was prepared and presented to the Federal Cabinet on May 31, 2018. The sensitive agencies informed the government in writing that amendment bill is not in the best national interest and detrimental to Kashmir cause. 

The summary was approved by the federal cabinet on May 31, 2018., without getting the opinion of all stakeholders, including the Ministry of Defense. Federal Secretaries of Ministries of Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan termed the Constitutional Reforms Amendment Bill in Azad Kashmir as a against the national interest. An amendment bill has also been sent to the Financial Action Task Force for reforms in Azad Kashmir. In the name of reforms, Azad Kashmir was made autocratic and the freedom movement of Kashmir will suffer. Final draft approval was not obtained from the National Security Council for violating sub-section 4 of the Rules of Business Section 18.

The PML-N government’s move was challenged in the Islamabad High Court and Justice Omar Farooq issued a notice to the Attorney General seeking a response within 2 weeks.  PML-N government on May 31, 2018. approved the amendment of the constitutionally independent Jammu and Kashmir interim constitution which resulted in the dissolution of the Kashmir Council and the federal cabinet and presidential powers were abolished in other important matters, including defense, finance, law and order. On May 26, 2018  on the stay order of the Islamabad High Court the amendment bill was postponed but on May 31, a new bill summary was tabled in the federal cabinet.

After the approval of the amendment bill, the bill was presented to the Azad Kashmir Legislative Assembly on 1June,  2018 with some further amendments. As a result of the amendment, the rights of all persons and officers of Pakistani domicile in Azad Kashmir have been abolished. After the amendment of the interim constitution, Pakistan will provide billions of rupees annually to Azad Kashmir alone, but Pakistan will have very limited authority in Azad Kashmir. 

According to media sources, the lobbyist of Indian and global powers convinced Nawaz Sharif. Allegedly at the behest of Nawaz Sharif, work was initiated on the amendment of the Azad Jammu & Kashmir Interim Constitution in 2016, but after the visit of the renowned Indian businessman Sajjan Jindal on 27 April 2017, the matter was finalized and effort was launched to persuade the Ministry of Kashmir and other stakeholders to accept it?

After the disqualification of Nawaz Sharif by the Supreme Court of Pakistan, this Plan of world power suffered a setback as per media story. However in April 2018, work was resumed to bring the plan to a logical conclusion. The task was eventually completed on May 31, 2018 at 10 pm,  after violating and bypassing all the rules and regulations against the national interest.

Applicant’s lawyer, Barrister Ammar Sehri, had asked the Islamabad High Court to declare the federal cabinet decision  of May 31, 2018 and the notification as invalid, and set up a JIT (Joint Investigation Team), to determine the role of amending the interim constitution of Kashmir against the national interest of the country. According to barrister Amr Sehari, Nawaz Sharif got the interim constitution of Azad Kashmir amended on the last day at the end of his party government term on the behest of India and other world powers to keep himself in power. This is a serious allegation needs thorough probe.  The move by the government of Nawaz Sharif and PML-N government  has compromised national security. Pakistan People’s Party’s AJ&K chapter and Muslim Conference joined hands to oppose these amendments and boycotted the Assembly session wherein this law was approved. Some experts even fear that this amendment will bring AJK closer to a province and may result in a one-sided resolution of Kashmir dispute once and for all. 

Prime Minister Imran Khan constituted a committee to examine the validity and implications of the limiting Pakistan’s role through the interim constitutional amendment by the state government of Azad Jammu (AJK) beyond the approval of the federal cabinet. 

 Following aspects raise mind boggling questions:   

  1. The implications of this amendment in AJ&K interim constitution  in current situation while India has revoked Article 370 of Indian Constitution to fully annex Indian Occupied Kashmir.
  2. Timings and possible role of India and global powers in this mysterious AJ&K Interim Constitutional amendment.

International Reaction:

The interstate relations are not governed by principles of ethics or justice, rather by interests and benefits. The world understands that the effects of Pakistan’s nuclear war will spread all over the world and that countries and people who have no direct connection with Kashmir, India or Pakistan will also be affected. Atmospheric scientist Brian Toon studied nuclear war for 35 years, he explained how even a small nuclear war could destroy all life on earth. In Indo-Pak nuclear war over 900 million people are likely to face death due to nuclear radiation, nuclear winter, starvation due to  nuclear cloud. The atomic cloud which would rise above 20 to 50 km will stay and spread all over the globe because at that altitude there are no rain to dilute the cloud. The Indo-Pak nuclear war will affect the whole world, so instead of considering the Kashmir issue as a bilateral matter between India and Pakistan, the world needs to understand the likelihood of this issue turning it into a nuclear clash affecting the whole world. Hence the world need to come forward to resolve the Kashmir issue. 

Since Pakistan and India are nuclear powers, the interest of the global community including the United States is limited, that Pakistan and India should not go to war or even if there is a war, it remains at conventional level. It must be well understood that Pak-India war will not remain conventional. The interest of the world at this time is only in reducing India-Pak tension. They are not interested in resolution of Kashmir issue. It is the same thing if the fire brigade is used to extinguish fire but not paying attention to the cause of the fire.

Diplomatic Isolation?

No country in the world has openly supported Indian stance that Kashmir is her internal issue, except UAE ambassador to India. Though Saudi and UAE foreign misters jointlhy visited Pakistan on 4 September 2019 to remove some apprehensions. The UNSC and all other countries emphasize bilateral settlement of Kashmir dispute, under the UN Charter and Resolutions. So how can we say that Pakistan’s stand on Kashmiris has not been  supported wholeheartedly by the world? To say that Pakistan have been left alone because the Arabs and Muslim counties are silent, except Turkey and Iran is not a rational conclusion. OIC has supported Pakistan on Kashmir issue. China, Turkey & Iran have come forward to openly support Kashmiris. 

There is nothing to get demoralized, war is always fought by the people/country at their own, no one fight for others unless their own interests are stake. Arabs cannot defend themselves, their military support is insignificant except the moral support and the financial support during or after the war. China is a big country an emerging superpower, her interest in Kashmir, CPEC and rivalry with India-US nexus makes her close supporter of Pakistan. Apart from diplomatic and moral support, we can expect help from China in military hardware and economic field  which is important. Turkey and Iran provide moral support. 

Iran is isolated , being an Islamic Republic, her stand on Kashmir despite being strategic partner of India and her close economic and strategic ties (Chabahar), Iranian stance is appreciable. Iran being a next door neighbour with historic and cultural relations will not only satisfy her domestic public but the Shia population in Kashmir,  Pakistan and india will also appreciate it. We cannot expect much from Iran, however anything more would be a bonus. Turkey has again proved to be a real friend, the historic Ottoman legacy, good relations and military cooperation exists between the two countries. Russia, the historic partner and major arms supplier of India has taken a principled stand, which can be considered positive, Russia-China-Pakistan nexus seems to be at work. This is a big moral victory for Pakistan.  

Even if the big powers and Arabs remain inclined toward India due to economic and geopolitical reasons, the general population and media of US and West do not stand with India due to oppression of Kashmirs and human right violations. Pakistan can capitalize on this public support and sympathy through aggressive media campaign and diplomacy. During Iraq invasion people came out in millions to support the oppressed. Hence carefully crafted actions by Pakistan will offset Western governments tilt towards India under public pressure.  

Jihad and Qital ( Warfare) :

The people of Pakistan, rightly consider their religious and moral obligation to help their Muslims brothers and sisters suffering oppression by indian occupation forces, who have turned Kashmir into the biggest prison of 9 million people. Allah says:

“And how should you not fight for the cause of God, and for the helpless old men, women, and children who say, “Deliver us, Lord, from this city of wrongdoers, grant us a protector out of Your grace and grant us a supporter out of Your grace?” [Quran 4:75]

“Permission to take up arms is hereby given to those who are attacked because they have been oppressed – Allah indeed has the power to grant them victory – those who have been unjustly driven from their homes, only because they said: “Our Lord is Allah”. [Quran 22:39]

People expect the government of Pakistan to declare Jihad (Qital, Combat), the Islamic doctrine to help the oppressed people. The concept of Jihad is monumental; which encompasses personal and social aspects of Muslim’s life. This process continues throughout the life in various forms. Jihad is a very important doctrine of Islam, which lays down guidelines and principles, to be adhered by a Muslim while striving against various forms of resistance, internal (against selfish desires and evil temptations) or external for the cause of Allah. Muslims are required to make persistent effort to serve the cause of Islam. That effort, whatever its future, falls within the meaning of the term “jihad-fi-Sabi-Lillah” (Jihad for the cause of Allah). Jihad is derived from the Arabic word ‘Juhd’, which means “effort”. The verb Jahida means ‘to be tried as a result of exerting an effort or energy; striving, making endeavor’. So Jihad is to contend with difficulties and to work continually, especially with strenuous effort. The term presupposes that such an effort will be made against resistance. While the term ‘Jihad’ has wider application, the term Qital is used in the meaning of ‘warfare’ or armed struggle, combat. Qital may be part of Jihad but every Jihad is not necessarily warfare.

“Therefore, do not yield to the unbelievers, and make Jihad (strive) against them with this (Qur’an), a mighty Jihad (Jihad Kabira).”(Qur’an;25:52). 

One of the components of Jihad is Qital (combat, warfare), which under specific circumstances is the responsibility of the State. On the other hand, for traditional warfare the Holy Qur’an has used the term “harb.” Life of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) teaches us that qital  (qital، combat), is an exception, whereas, peace and reconciliation shall prevail under normal circumstances.  [Also see Jihad -Myth and Reality]

Responsibility of State:

According to Paigham Pakistan, Qital should only be declared by the State. The Treaty of Medina reflects the same example in which the authority and announcement of war was in the hands of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Paighame Pakistan is the national narrative, this document has been prepared with the assistance and support of state institutions of Pakistan, research scholars of the Islamic Research Institute of International Islamic University, Islamabad and 1800 eminent Ulema from all schools of thought, signed by over 8000 scholars, which declares Jihad to be state responsibility.

According to Islamic jurists, no activity leading to war can be initiated without the consent of the state ruler or his appointed commanders. A soldier cannot attack the enemy in his personal capacity without the permission of his commander. Islamic jurists also say that war cannot be waged without the permission of the government and moreover, it cannot be started just to overcome the enemy.


It is important to mention here that according to the teachings of Islam, during war and peace, Islamic state is bound to respect international treaties. In modern times, Pakistan has entered into several international agreements and treaties which aim to protect fundamental human rights. Therefore, any attack on innocent people that violates the above-mentioned ends of Shari‘ah is prohibited and is a crime. If an enemy violates the treaties, they may be revoked after due warning. 

Islamic teachings highly value charters and covenants and fulfillment of these is commanded by the Holy Qur’an:

“O ye who believe! fulfil (all) obligations. ” (Qur’an 5:1)

“Fulfil the Covenant of Allah when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after ye have confirmed them.” (Qur’an 16:91)

“But if they seek your aid in religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom ye have a treaty of mutual alliance.” (Qur’an 8:72)

It is the right of the government to allow fighting or waging war which is further subject to the vulnerable security situation of the state. The government in consultation with the scholars can declare Jihad to help oppressed Kashmirs, keeping in view all these aspects

The Holy Qur’an on Jihad (Qital):

While it is the responsibility of state to declare jihad, some verses from the Quran and Hadith are quoted highlighting importance and conduct of Jihad:

“And how should you not fight for the cause of God, and for the helpless old men, women, and children who say, “Deliver us, Lord, from this city of wrongdoers, grant us a protector out of Your grace and grant us a supporter out of Your grace?” [Quran 4:75]

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “The man went to help and support an oppressor (zalim), and he knew that he was a oppressor, so he left Islam.” (Al-Behqi)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, that Allah says: “I swear by my honor! I will certainly take revenge on the oppressor (zalim)  in this world and the hereafter, and I will certainly take revenge on the one who saw the oppressed (mazloom) and did not help him, despite his power. ” (Al Majm Al Kabir, Hadith: 10652)

“Those who believe, fight in the cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve, fight in the cause of Satan. So fight you against the friends of Satan. Ever feeble indeed is the plot of Satan. [Quran 4:76]

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: “Whoever dies without having fought for the sake of Allah or having had the intention of doing so, has died following one of the branches of hypocrisy.” (Saheeh Muslim,  4931/3533)

Allah provides the key to salvation for the believers:

“O believers! Should I tell you of a bargain that will save you from a painful punishment? It is to believe in Allah and His Apostle and strive your utmost in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your persons. That is best for you, if you but knew it.”(Qur’an;61:10-11).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer, and the top of its hump is jihad in the way of Allah.”(Fiqh As Sunnah: 1.75).  

“Permission to take up arms is hereby given to those who are attacked because they have been oppressed – Allah indeed has the power to grant them victory – those who have been unjustly driven from their homes, only because they said: “Our Lord is Allah”. [Quran 22:39]

It is a well known fact that most of Muslim societies are under the state of ‘utmost oppression and exploitation’ by non believers. Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar: “Allah’s Apostle said,

“A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor…” (Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith: 3.622).

“Muster against them all the men and cavalry at your disposal so that you can strike terror into the enemies of Allah and of the believers and others besides them who may be unknown to you, though Allah knows them. And remember whatever you spend for the cause of Allah shall be repaid to you. You shall not be wronged.” [Quran 8:60]

“Not equal are those of the believers who sit [at home] without any [genuine] excuse and those who strive hard and fight in the cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has given preference by a degree to those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit [at home]. [In reality], for each, Allah has made a good promise and [in reality] Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight above those who sit [at home] by a huge reward. Degrees of [higher] grades from Him and forgiveness and mercy. And Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”[Quran 4:95]

“O you who believe! when you meet those who disbelieve marching for war, then turn not your backs to them. And whoever shall turn his back to them on that day – unless he turn aside for the sake of fighting or withdraws to a company – then he, indeed, becomes deserving of Allah’s wrath, and his abode is hell; and an evil destination shall it be.”[Quran 8:15]

[Also see Jihad -Myth and Reality]

Rules of Jihad – Warfare

“But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in Allah: for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things)”. (Qur’an 8:61)

“…take not life, which God hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.” [Al-Qur’an 6:151]

“…if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” [Al-Qur’an 5:32]

“Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors. And slay them wherever ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have Turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith.” [Al-Qur’an 2:190-191]

“But if they cease, Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practise oppression.” [Al-Qur’an 2:192-193]

“Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just.” [Al-Qur’an 60:8]

During his life, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) gave various injunctions to his forces and adopted practices toward the conduct of war. The most important of these were summarized by his companion, Abu Bakr (R.A) in the form of ten rules for the Muslim army:

Ten Principles of Conduct:

“Stop, O people, that I may give you ten rules for your guidance in the battlefield. Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path. You must not mutilate dead bodies. Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy’s flock, save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone.” — Abu Bakr (R.A)

It may be left to the government of Pakistan to decide as to how and when declare armed Jihad (combad) keeping in view all factors and obligations. However necessary preparations and measures may be initiated to help the oppressed Kashmiris,  avoid being surprised by the ruthless enemy with no morals or principles. There are various options available. [Also see Jihad -Myth and Reality]

Options for Pakistan:

If the interests of the world would have been threatened, then the problem of Palestine and Kashmir would have been resolved long ago. Some possible courses open to Pakistan are:

  1. While emphasizing the peaceful resolution of Kashmir issue, Pakistan needs to take advantage of the nuclear war threat, only the fear and weakness of the world to the nuclear war will force them to find a peaceful resolution of Kashmir issue, otherwise it can never be resolved by mere talks, protests and resolutions.
  2. Pakistan be prepared for a limited conventional war as part of Hybrid War strategy once it becomes unavoidable or imposed. In any case war does not start with a nuclear bang, it may end.
  3. Make the world aware of the racist agenda of Modi, RSS and BJP their neo Nazi Hindu Hitler philosophy and anti Muslim, anti Christian fascist ideology.
  4. Fully support of the struggle of Kashmiris including military support in training and logistics (overtly or covertly).  Kashmir struggle should be declared as a freedom struggle, from oppression and restoration of human rights .
  5. Jihad (Qital, War) declaration is the responsibility of Islamic State, not scholars, individuals or groups. The State may consult scholars and take decision keeping in view the military, economic and other power potentials, international, bilateral treaties and prevailing environments.  However prior to that many important steps can be initiated:
  6. Nation and youth should be ideologically and physically prepared for “Hybrid Jihad”. Ikram Sehgal has well explained explained, the Hybrid Warfare conducted by a combination of non-military and military means, he quotes: “Coordinated and synchronized action, that deliberately targets democratic states’ and institutions’ systemic vulnerabilities, through a wide range of means (political, economic, military, civil, and information),” as well as “activities exploit the thresholds of detection and attribution as well as the border between war and peace.” The aim is to “influence different forms of decision-making at the local (regional), state, or institutional level to favor and/or gain the agent’s strategic goals while undermining and/or hurting the target.” One can read his article on this subject to fully understand this type of warfare. 
  7. Training under Pak Army should be immediately organized. In 1971 a number of National Service Battalions were raised for students. This writer had the honour of being part of one such infantry battalion and took part in the war. Similar action will not only improve our numerical ratio against India but will also fulfil national desire of youth for participation in noble cause of defence of Pakistan. Information/ media warfare is soft but lethal component of modern hybrid warfare. We need not to be afraid of enemy numbers. Trust Allah , give call for Jihad, world will shake, tremble, will listen to Pakistan. The nation will not disappoint our leadership. We have seen people enthusiastically participating , donating for Afghan Jihad, though it was not officially declared by the government. We may  not be good practicing Muslims, but our faith remains strong. Pakistani Muslims don’t care for life once it’s a call of Jihad for the cause of Allah. To help oppressed people of Kashmir is a sacred religious and moral human duty ordained by Allah in Quran (4:75). 
  8. We have to make it clear to the world that the “Kashmir Jihad” has nothing to do with terrorism, we should demonstrate the true spirit of Jihad to the world, media may be used aggressively.  Declaration and conduct of Jihad (may be “Hybrid Jihad” under present environments) is the responsibility of government it cannot be left to the religious leaders, clergy, individuals, groups and warlords. It is very important in case of Kashmir,  in nuclear armed Indo-Pak scenario, where any misadventure by non state actors may turn in to nuclear conflict. Thrice in the past such scenarios were developed when India falsely alleged Parliament attacks, Mumbai attacks and Pulwama attacks as terrorist actions.
  9. Support Sikhs in Khalistan movement.
  10. Pakistan will have to strengthen itself economically, so that instead of crying and complaining all the time, the world be forced to listen to a strong prosperous Pakistan and India will also sit on the negotiating table on equal terms This may be a long term strategy,  immediately the above mentioned steps need to be taken now.

Simple Acts for Jihad :

  1. Prophet (pbuh) said: “Whoever dies without having fought for the sake of Allah or having had the intention of doing so, has died following one of the branches of hypocrisy.” (Saheeh Muslim, no. 4931/ 3533). Check out your intentions and ask friends to check their neyah (intentions)  with regard to Jihad / Qital (fighting for the sake of Allah), in the light of this Hadith. 
  2. Offer your services to the state or designated institutions for any help, work or job to promote , participate in Jihad.
  3. Media and the internet are the modern tools of hybrid warfare, which can easily be used to counter enemy propaganda, and support the cause of oppressed Kashmiris. Media can effectively be used to share positive information helpful to oppressed and friendly governments and armed forces.
  4. Pressurize , the government, politicians and other forces peacefully if found to be lacking in support of Kashmiris.
  5. Make du’aa’ (supplication), and recite du’a’ al-qunoot (special supplication during formal prayers) in your salaah (prayer).
  6. Collect charity for oppressed and send it through trustworthy channels.
  7. Contact and motivate the scholars, Islamic workers, khateebs and writers to explain the oppression that is happening and the negligence on the part of the Ummah (global Muslim community), and to mobilize the Ummah to defend the oppressed. 
  8. Pursuing all the means of building up material and moral strength, in preparation for meeting the enemy (in battle). Support the government and military and other volunteers actively involved in Jihad.
  9. Reminding oneself and others of the virtues of martyrdom for the sake of Allah and studying the rulings on jihad (battle for the sake of Allah), and not having an attachment to this world.
  10. Doing as much damage as possible to the enemies who are in a state of war with Muslims, by boycotting their products, attacking them verbally and in writing to humiliate and annoy them, and to point out their kufr (disbelief) and shirk (polytheism), and their insults to Allah, His Messenger and the believers, publishing as much as possible in the audio-visual and print media about this serious topic whilst also connecting that to Islamic belief and the words of Allah and His Messenger. 
  11. We pray to Allah the Exalted and All-Powerful to support His religion, help the oppressed and those involved in Jihad and cause His word to prevail.

By Brig Aftab Khan (R), he writes for “Defence Journal” regularly,  an activist, blogger,  can  be followed at@Twitter @SalaamOne , FB@SalaamOne  Defenders@WhattsApp

The author does not claim copy rights for his work , his writings may be copied and shared with or without credits/reference. Jazak Allah.

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جہاد کشمیر۔ تجزیہ و آپشنز


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Hybrid Warfare against Pakistan (1) پاکستان کے خلاف ہائبرڈ -وار